Экология, экологическая безопасность и борьба за первозданность природы.

Экология. Особи, популяции и сообщества Часть 3

5.3.6, 9.7.1, 19.2.3
Murton R. K-, Westwood N. J., Isaacson A. J. A974). A study of wood-pigeon
422 Литература
shooting: the exploitation of a natural animal population, Journal of Applied
Ecology, 11, 61—81.
Muscatine L., Pool R. R. A979). Regulation of numbers of intracellular algae,
Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, B, 204, 115—139.
Myers J. M., Krebs С J. A971). Genetic, behavioural and reproductive attributes
of dispersing field voles Microtus pennsylvanicus and Microtus ochrogaster,
Ecological Monographs, 41, 53—78.
Namkoong G., Roberds J. H. A974). Extinction pobabilities and the changing
age structure of redwood forests, American Naturalist, 108, 355—368.
Naylor R., Begon M. A982). Variations within and between populations of
Littorina nigrolineata Gray on Holy Island, Anglesey, Journal of Conchology,
31, 17—30.
Nicholson A. J. A933). The balance of animal populations, Journal of Animal
Ecology, 2, 131—178.
Nicholson A. J. A954a). Compesatory reactions of populations to stress,
and their evolutionary significance, Australian Journal of Zoology, 2,
Vicholson A. J. A954a). Compensatory reactions of populations to stress, and
their evolutionary significance, Australian Journal of Zoology 2, 1—8.
Nicholson A. J. A954b). An outline of the dynamics of animal populations,
Australian Journal of Zoology, 2, 9—65.
6.6, 8.3, 10.8, 15.2.1
Nicholson A. J. A957). The self adjustment of populations to change, Cold
Spring Harbor Symposium of Quantitative Biology, 22, 153—172.
Nicholson A. J. A958). Dynamics of insect populations, Annual Review of
Entomology, 3, 107—136.
Nicholson A. J., Bailey V. A. A935). The balance of animal populations,
Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 3, 551—598.
Nielsen В. О., Ejlerson A. A977). The distribution pattern of herbivory in a
beech canopy, Ecological Entomology, 2, 293—299.
Niklas K. J., Tiffney В. Н., Knoll A. H. A983). Patterns in vascular land plant
diversification, Nature (London), 303, 614—616.
Nixon M. A969). The lifespan of Octopus vulgaris Lamarck, Proceedings of the
Malacological Society of London 38 529—540
Noble I. R., Slatyer R. O. A979). The effect of disturbance on plant succession,
Proceedings of the Ecological Society of Australia, 10, 135—145.
Noble I. R., Slatyer R. O. A981). Concepts and models of succession in vascu-
lar plant communities subject to recurrent fire. In: Fire and the Australian
Biota, A. M. Gill, R. H. Graves and I. R. Noble eds., Australian Academy of
Science, Canberra.
Noble J. C., Bell A. D., Harper J. L. A979). The population biology of plants with
Литература 42i
clonal growth. I. The morphology and structural demography of Carex arena-
ria, Journal of Ecology, 67, 983—1008.
4.2.1, 5.7.3
Norton I. 0., Sclater J. G. A979). A model for the evolution of the Indian Ocean
and the break-up of Gondwanaland, Journal of Geophysics Research, 84,
Noy-Meir I. A975). Stability of grazing systems: an application of predator-
prey graphs, Journal of Ecology, 63, 459—483.
10.6, 16.3.1
Noyes J. S. A974). The biology of the leek moth, Acrolepia assectella (Zeller),
Ph. D thesis, University of London.
9.6, 9.7.1
Nye P. H., Tinker P. B. A977). Solute Movement in the Soil-Root System, Black-
well Scientific Publications, Oxford.
3 3 3
Oakeshott J. G., May T. W., Gibson J. В., Witlcocks D. A. A982). Resource par-
titioning in five domestic Drosophila species and its relationships to elhanol,
Australian Journal of Zoology, 30, 547—556.
Obeid M., Machin D., Harper J. L. A967). Influence of density on plant to plant
variations in fiber flax, Linum usitatissimum, Crop Science, 7, 471—473.
O\'Dor R. K., Wells M. J. A978). Reproduction versus somatic growth: hormon?1
control in Octopus vulgaris, Journal of Experimental Biology, 77, 15-
0dum S. A965). Germination of ancient seeds; floristical observations ar
experiments with archeologically dated soil samples, Dansk Botanisk Arki
24, 1—70.
0dum S. A978). Dormant Seeds in Danish Ruderal Soils, Horsholm Arboretum,
Ogden J. A968). Studies on reproductive strategy with particular reference to
selected composities, Ph. D. thesis, University of Wales.
Ollason J. G. (980). Learning to forage — optimally? Theoretical Population
Biology, 18, 44—56.
O\'Neill R. V. A976). Ecosystem persistence and heterotrophic regulation, Ecolo-
gy, 57, 1244—1253.
Ong C. K., Marshall C, Sagar G. R. A978). The physiology of tiller death in
grasses. 2. Causes of tiller death in a grass sward, Journal of the British
Grassland Society, 33, 205—211.
Orshan G. A963). Seasonal dimorphism of desert and mediterranean chama-
ephytes and its significance as a factor in their water economy. In: The Water
Relations of Plants, A. J. Rutter and F. W. Whitehead eds., pp. 207—222,
Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford
Osborn R. G. A975). Models of lemming demography and avian predation near
Barrow, Alaska, M. S. thesis, San Diego State University.
Packham J. R., Harding D. T. L. A982). Ecology of Woodland Processes, Edward
Arnold, London.
4\'24 Литература
Paine R Т. A966) Food web complexity and species diversity, American Natu-
ralist, 100, 65—75.
19.2.2, 19.2.6
Paine R. T. A979). Disaster, catastrophe and local persistence of the sea palm
Postelsia palmaeformis. Science, N. Y., 205, 685—687.
Paine R. Т., Levin S. A. A981). Intertidal landscapes: Disturbance and the
dynamics of pattern, Ecological Monographs, 51, 145—178.
19.2.2, 19.3.5
Painter E. L, Detling J. K. A981). Effects of defoliation on net photosynthesis
and regrowth of western wheatgrass, Journal of Range Management, 34,
Palmblad I. G. A968). Competition studies on experimental populations of weeds
with emphasis on the regulation of population size, Ecology, 49, 26—34.
Paris 0. #., Pitelka F. A. A962). Population characteristics of the terrestrial
isopod Armadillidium vulgare in California grassland, Ecology, 43, 229—
Park T. A948). Experimental studies of interspecific competition. I. Competition
between populations of the flour beetles Tribolium confusum Duval and Tribo-
lium castaneum Herbst, Ecological Monographs, 18, 267—307.
12.6.3, 19.2.5
Park T. A954). Experimental studies of interspecific competition. II. Tempera-
ture, humidity and competition in two species of Tribolium, Physiological
Zoology, 27, 177—238.
Park T. A962). Beetles, competition and populations, Science, N. Y., 138, 1369—
Park Т., Mertz D. В., Grodzinski W., Prus T. A965). Cannibalistic predation in
populations of flour beetles, Physiological Zoology, 38, 289—321.
Parker G. A. A970). The reproductive behaviour and the nature of sexual selec-
tion in Scatophaga stercoraria L. (Diptera: Scatophagidae). II. The fertiliza-
tion rate and the spatial and temporal relationships of each sex around the
site of mating and oviposition, Journal of Animal Ecology, 39, 205—228.
Parker G. A. A984). Evolutionary stable strategies. In: Behavioural Ecology:
An Evolutionary Approach, 2nd edn., J.